KIgali, 27 January 2016 – 2015 showed that people working together can succeed in the battle against corruption. Although corruption is still rife globally, more countries improved their scores in the 2015 edition of Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. Overall, two-thirds of the 168 countries on the 2015 index scored below 50, on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean).
“The 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index clearly shows that corruption remains a blight around the world. But 2015 was also a year when people again took to the streets to protest corruption. People across the globe sent a strong signal to those in power: it is time to tackle grand corruption,” said José Ugaz, Chair of Transparency International.
Executive Director Transparency International Rwanda Chapter and Deputy Ombudsman during the launch of CPI
The index covers perceptions of public sector corruption in 168 countries.
Top performers share key characteristics: high levels of press freedom; access to
budget information so the public knows where money comes from and how it is spent; high levels of integrity among people in power; and judiciaries that don’t differentiate between rich and poor, and that are truly independent from other parts of government.
At the global level, Denmark took the top spot for the 2nd year, followed by Finland, Sweden, New Zealand, Netherlands and Norway. In the Sub-Saharan Africa, Botswana took the top followed by Cape Verde, Seychelles, Rwanda, Mauritius and Namibia.
Rwanda has improved its score from 49 in 2014 to 54 in 2015. This score was estimated as the average score of the G20 countries. While fourth best performer on the continent level and 44th worldwide, Rwanda has again emerged the least corrupt country in the East African Community, followed by Tanzania, Kenya, Ouganda and Burundi.
“It’s a pride to see this improvement, but we still have a long way to go. Corruption still exists and our aim is not only to have a better score but to totally eradicate corruption from Rwanda” said the Chairperson of Transparency International Rwanda, Ingabire Marie Immaculée.
In addition to conflict and war, poor governance, weak public institutions like police and the judiciary, and a lack of independence in the media characterize the lowest ranked countries. Corruption was perceived to be the highest in Angola, South Sudan, Sudan, Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia.
The big decliners in the past 4 years include Libya, Australia, Brazil, Spain and Turkey. The big improvers include Greece, Senegal and UK.
The Corruption Perceptions Index is based on expert opinions of public sector corruption. Countries’ scores can be helped by open government where the public can hold leaders to account, while a poor score is a sign of prevalent bribery, lack of punishment for corruption and public institutions that don’t respond to citizens’ needs.
Source: Transparency International Rwanda Chapter website